1. Rule of Thirds – The rule of thirds is one of the most basic and most important rules in photography and one of the first taught in photography classes. You can read more about it on my blog post located at: http://clcrowphotography.com/rule-thirds/
2. Framing an Image – add points of interest in foreground. For example, this rocking chairs in this photograph are framed by the front of the house and the porch supports. Another example is taking a photo of the Jefferson Memorial on the opposite side of the Tidal basin framed surrounded by cherry blossoms in the spring.
3. Diagonal Lines – Using a diagonal line can be a very effective way to draw the eye to the main focal point. Two converging lines coming to a single point can also be even more effective. (I.e. Using a river or a road that leads up to a Mountain or bridge)
4. Geometric Shapes – The easiest example of this is if you have 3 different subjects. Position them in such a way that they create a triangle.